Speaker: Márcia Lima, Professor, Department of Sociology, University of São Paulo; Senior Researcher, Brazilian Center for Analysis and Planning, Center for Metropolitan Studies; Fellow, Afro-Latin American Research Institute, Hutchins Center, Harvard University
How have race relations and inequalities been analyzed in the Brazilian academic debate? Has the racial issue changed in the last decades? In an attempt to answer those questions, this presentation discusses the scenario of racial inequalities in Brazil and its prior challenges.
Speakers: Scott Mainwaring, Jorge Paulo Lemann Professor, Harvard University and Fernando Bizzarro Neto, Ph.D. student, Government Department, Harvard University
The Brazilian party system experienced high instability in the waning years of the military dictatorship (1982-85) and the early years of democracy (1985-94). From 1994 to 2014, however, the party systems became fairly institutionalized. This talk will describe and explain this process of institutionalization.
Speaker: Julio Guzmán, Peruvian economist, politician, and leader of Peru's Partido Morado Moderator: Steve Levitsky, David Rockefeller Professor of Latin American Studies, Department of Government, Harvard University
A video recording of the presentation can be found here...
Speaker: Matthew Amengual, Maurice F. Strong Career Development Professor, Assistant Professor, MIT Sloan School of Management
Firms operating in developing countries where institutions are weak must bargain directly with a range of societal actors who can credibly threaten to disrupt economic activity. To prevent opposition, some firms provide public goods and services broadly, while others target benefits towards a few strategically important allies. In countries where states undersupply basic public goods and services, non-state provision plays an important...
Speaker: Abby Córdova, DRCLAS Central America Visiting Scholar; Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Kentucky
In Latin America, crime and violence have reached unprecedented levels. The incidence of crime is particularly high in the Northern Triangle countries of Central America, where gangs (maras) largely drive homicide rates and many other criminal activities. This presentation evaluates the effects of neighborhood gang activity and crime victimization on citizens’ political participation in the context of El Salvador....
Speaker: Mneesha Gellman, Assistant Professor, Institute for Liberal Arts and Interdisciplinary Studies, Emerson College
How do marginalized people express cultural rights demands in democratizing regimes? In her new book, Democratization and Memories of Violence: Ethnic Minority Social Movements in Mexico, Turkey, and El Salvador, Dr. Gellman argues that violence-affected communities use memory-based narratives in order to shame states into cooperating with claims for cultural rights protections. Shaming and claiming is a social movement tactic that binds...
Speakers: Luis Foncerrada, Director General del Centro de Estudios Económicos del Sector Privado; Fan Jua Rivas,Sociedad Hipotecaria Federal; Gerardo Romero, President, Instituto Electoral del Estado de Queretaro; Gema Morales, Electoral Counselor at the Instituto Electoral del Estado de Querétaro; Ruy Gabarrón, Dean of the Law School, Universidad Anáhuac, Xalapa; Alfonso Ayala, Professor of Law, Anahuac University and...
Speaker: Cora Fernandez Anderson, Assistant Professor of Comparative Politics, Mount Holyoke College
Argentina, Chile and Uruguay share general social, economic and cultural characteristics but they differ radically in their abortion policies. The presentation examines the strength of the campaigns for abortion reform, their relationships with leftist parties in power and the context of church-state relations to provide an explanation for the status of abortion policies in these countries during the last fifteen years.
Speaker: Laura Alfaro, Warren Alpert Professor of Business Administration, Harvard Business School
We provide a quantitative analysis of fiscal rules in a standard model of sovereign debt accumulation and default modified to incorporate quasi-hyperbolic preferences. For reasons of political economy or aggregation of citizens’ preferences, government preferences are present biased, resulting in over-accumulation of debt. Calibrating this parameter with values in the literature, the model can reproduce debt levels and frequency of default typical of emerging...
Speaker: Jennifer Piscopo, Assistant Professor of Politics, Occidental College; Peggy Rockefeller Visiting Scholar, David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies, Harvard University
Does women’s greater presence in elected office lead to policies that advance women’s equality? The cases of Argentina and Mexico reveal the paradoxical effects of collaboration. The more female lawmakers cooperate, the less the resultant policies pursue feminist objectives.
Speaker: Anibal Perez-Liñan, Associate Professor and Director of Graduate Studies, Department of Political Science, University of Pittsburgh
Professor Liñan will discuss three common theses about Brazil’s impeachment, and place Dilma’s case in the context of a regional wave of impeachments that began in the 1990s. Democratization, mass protests, and legislative politics are at the core of this new Latin American trend.